2021-08-27

Larabanga Mosque – Ghana Landmark

Larabanga Mosque in Larabanga, Ghana, is a mosque that was built in Sudanese architectural styles. It is the oldest mosque in West Africa. It has been renovated several times since its founding in 1421. The World Monuments Fund (WMF), a non-profit organization, has made a significant contribution to the restoration of this site. It is now listed as one among the 100 Most Endangered Sites. The restoration work has revived knowledge about adobe preservation.

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Larabanga Ancient Mosque


Larabanga According to locals, the mosque contains an old Quran. It is believed that it was given by heaven in 1650 to Yidan Bramah, who was then the Imam and, as a result, his prayers. Two tall towers of West African adobe were built to cover the mosque's facade. One is for the mihrab, which faces Mecca, and the other forms the minaret at the northeast corner. Twelve bulbous structures of a similar shape are used to support them. They are also fitted with timber elements.

African Mosque


The majority of Northern Ghana's communities, particularly the Northern Region, are Muslim. Islam, which arrived in Africa via Egypt in the 10th Century AD. It moved from Egypt to the west and south along the trans-Saharan slave trade and gold trade routes.

Ghana Monument — Missionaries used these trade routes, Islamic traders, Mande warriors, and Islamic Traders in Ghana. These routes were occasionally occupied by the Almoravids (a Berber Dynasty), who played an essential role in spreading Islam in the region. The routes provided a rest point for Islamic traders. In conquered areas, people converted to Islam, which led to the construction of mosques in Northern Ghana. Some of these mosques can still be found today, dating back to the 17th Century AD.

ARCHITECTURE

Architecturally, the Sudanic-Sahelian style is responsible for the architecture of the ancient mosques. They can also be found in Burkina Faso or Cote d'Ivoire. This style combines the traditional construction techniques with the rules of architecture when building a african mosque. The Djenne Style and the Sudanic Style were two significant styles for mosques and one of the famous landmarks Ghana. Larabanga Mosque, one of the oldest mosques in West Africa.

Djenne's design features a rectangular structure without any buttresses. It features load-bearing walls, a flat roof, and a parapet. It typically has one tower at each end of the rectangle. The Wuriyanga Mosque is one example of this savannah mosque found in the Upper East Region. This mosque is located between Garu in the Upper East Region, and Nalerigu, in the Northern Region.

Larabanga Mosque Ghana


Although rectangular, the Sudanic style has timber frame structures or columns supporting its roof. It features two pyramidal towers (the mihrab and the minaret) and various irregularly shaped buttresses with pinnacles above the parapet. These add an extra dimension to the mosque's elevations. Larabanga Mosque is an excellent example of this style, which can be found in the Northern Region, close to Damongo on the route to Mole Park.
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Larabanga Ancient Mosque

Larabanga Mud Mosque In Ghana

Larabanga Mosque – Ghana Landmark
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