2014-03-15

The Motherland Calls | Mamaev Kurgan in Volgograd, Russia

Motherland Calls!" The statue towers over the countryside at 52 meters. The hill on which stands a monument to Motherland, bulk-its height is about meters. Height Motherland considering the sword is 85 meters, and sculpture is one of the tallest statues in the world. Both sides to the top of Mamaev Kurgan are several tracks, one of which is from the area of the Tribulation. Along the path, there are several tombstones - with the name of those who gave their lives in the battles of Stalingrad. There is also the tomb of the unknown soldier. 

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Motherland calls

Motherland Calls is the center for constructing the monument-collections "Heroes of the Battle of Stalingrad" at Mamayev Kurgan in Volgograd, Russia. It was designed by sculptor Yevgeny Vuchetich and architect Nikolai Nikitin, and announced the world's tallest statue in 1967.

Just a mound under the statue "The Motherland Calls!" whose reward was to be 34,505 soldiers buried right here - the defenders of Stalingrad. On the top of the hill at the foot of Mother Motherland is a winding path along which the 35 granite tombstones heroes of the Soviet Union, members of the Stalingrad Battle. The foot of the mound to its tip serpentine consists of precisely 200 granite steps height of 15 cm. Around the monument, there is always a lot of rumors and gossip. Perhaps the most pressing issue was the mystery of the prototype of the world-famous sculpture Yevgeny Vuchetich. Some believe that Vuchetich sculpted the body figure to discus thrower  Nina Dumbadzeand a face from his wife, Vera. The prototype of the prominent figures of Mamayev Kurgan was Valentina Izotova - waitress (Rodina Mat) of city restaurant "Volgograd," she was 26 years old.


The Motherland calls statue


Sculpture "The Motherland Calls!" Volgograd mounted on a pedestal height of two meters, which rests on a foundation hidden underground. Construction of the monument " The Motherland Calls!" on Mamayev Kurgan Hill went step by step using unique technology. The sculpture inside is supported not only rigid frame but hundreds of strong ropes that keep the frame to bend under the weight of concrete. The monument stands on a 16-meter foundation. 

First Image Credit © Vadim Burkovsky

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Image Credit Incite

During the design of the sculpture "The Motherland Calls!" Volgograd statue constantly had to make changes to the construction plan. Little know that initially, The Motherland statue had to look differently: the original draft suggested the existence of 2 figures (and a kneeling woman soldier). In his hand, Motherland had not held a sword and a red banner. Not found it necessary to Vucetich and sumptuously decorated pedestal of the mother and the stairs, so initially in the project, were replaced path, like a ribbon that encircled the Motherland

Dimensions sculptures have also been changed - The original 36 meters "grown-up" to 52 meters. And finally, the construction began in May 1959. The opening of the Volgograd monument occurred on the 15th of October 1967. Its height - 52 meters, the length of her arms outstretched, ups - 20 meters, the size of the sword - 33 meters. Overall height sculptures - 85 meters. Weight monument without foundations - about 8000 tons.

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Image Credit Andrey Zudilin

Sword of the Motherland was initially made of stainless steel, titanium lined with leaves. In 1972 replaced the blade, still has too high a wind-age and strongly swayed by the wind. Threatening structural strength. New sword made from fluoridated steel with holes in the top of the blade.

Motherland on Mamev Hill presented in the form of mothers convening their heroes to defend the homeland. Sharp lines of the figure, messy hair in the wind, her eyes wide and mouth woman, hand-stretched out over the city - all this creates a feeling of power and voltage, the atmosphere of anxiety and movement.

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Image Credit IREX

In a sharp, swift rush, a woman stood on the mound. With sword in hand, she encourages her son to defend the Fatherland. Her right foot slightly back, torso and head vigorously deployed to the left. Face stern and resolute. Frown, wide open screaming mouth, fanned by wind gusts short hair, strong hands, body shape fitting long dress, fanned by wind gusts ends handkerchief - all this creates a feeling of strength, expression and irresistible striving froward. 

In the background of the sky, it is like a bird soaring in the sky. Mother Motherland sculpture looks excellent on all sides of the year: In the summer, when the mound is covered with a continuous grass carpet, and a winter evening - bright, lit by the rays of searchlights. Majestic stature, speaking on the background of dark blue sky as if it grows out of the mound, merging it with the snow cover.

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Image Credit xinnocent miscreantx

From the foot of Mother Motherland, extensive views of all the elements of the ensemble, the city, the Vogoa, Zavolzhe. Motherland is visible within the Mamaev Kugan - It dominates the whole town, and it is visible from ten kilometers. 

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Image Credit  Ru.Wikipedia
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Image Credit matt whyman
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Image Credit Vadim Burkovsky
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Image Credit Vadim Burkovsky
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Image Credit pds209

Today, more than two million visitors from all over the world come here to remember those who fought and lost their lives. A 72 years old grandmother was the model for Russia's most famous Soviet war memorial, Rodina Mat (Motherland Mother). For nearly forty years, she kept silent about her part in its artistic creation.

The Motherland Calls | Mamaev Kurgan in Volgograd, Russia — Video
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