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Thursday, 22 January 2015

Kosciuszko Mound in Kraków, Poland

Kosciuszko Mound "kopiec Kosciuszki" is the most famous mound in Kraków, Poland, raised in 1820-1823. it was erected by Cracovians in memory of the great Polish National hero Tadeusz Kosciuszko. The man-made mound modeled after Kraków's prehistoric mounds of Krak and Wanda. A sinuous path leads to the top, approx. 326 meters or 1,070 ft above sea level, with a panoramic view of the Vistula River and the city. It was completed in November 1823. The location selected for the monument was the natural Blessed Bronislawa Hill "Wzgórze bl. Bronislawy", also known as Sikornik at the height of 34.1 m, situated in the western part of Kraków's Zwierzyniec District. It is one of Kraków's four mounds.

Kosciuszko Mound "kopiec Kosciuszki" is the most famous mound in Kraków, Poland, raised in 1820-1823. it was erected by Cracovians in memory of the great Polish National hero Tadeusz Kosciuszko.
Image credit hack man

Kosciuszko Mound with a base diameter of 80 meters, 8.5 meters in diameter at the apex and 34.1 m in height. At the base of the Mound, the Founding Act was deposited in a glass and marble case. At the top, a granite boulder, brought from the Tatra Mountains, was placed, bearing the inscription “Kosciuszce” (To Kosciuszko). Inside the mound, urns were buried with soil from the Polish and American battlefields where Kosciuszko fought.

In between 1850 – 1854, the Austrian authorities built a brick bastion around the Mound and began using it as a strategic lookout. As compensation for an earlier historical church that had been demolished, a neo-Gothic chapel of Blessed Bronislawa was also built. However, the Austrian fortifications, including the gateway and the south-western rampart and entrenchment were eventually dismantled following World War II, between 1945 and 1956.

Next to the Mound there is a museum devoted to Kosciuszko, that displays artifacts and mementoes of his life and achievements. In 1997, heavy rains eroded the Mound, thus threatening its existence. It went through a restoration process from 1999 to 2003 in which state-of-the-art technology and modern materials were used. The Mound was equipped with a drainage system and a new waterproofing membrane. [Source]

Kosciuszko Mound "kopiec Kosciuszki" is the most famous mound in Kraków, Poland, raised in 1820-1823. it was erected by Cracovians in memory of the great Polish National hero Tadeusz Kosciuszko.
Image credit Stanley Teoh

Kosciuszko Mound "kopiec Kosciuszki" is the most famous mound in Kraków, Poland, raised in 1820-1823. it was erected by Cracovians in memory of the great Polish National hero Tadeusz Kosciuszko.
Image credit Steven Hosler

The most famous mound in Poland, Kosciuszko Mound is situated on the Blessed Bronislawa Hill in Krakow. A symbolic tomb is a tribute to the great national hero, Tadeusz Kosciuszko.
The most famous mound in Poland, Kosciuszko Mound is situated on the Blessed Bronislawa Hill in Krakow. A symbolic tomb is a tribute to the great national hero, Tadeusz Kosciuszko. Image credit Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of  Poland

Kosciuszko Mound "kopiec Kosciuszki" is the most famous mound in Kraków, Poland, raised in 1820-1823. it was erected by Cracovians in memory of the great Polish National hero Tadeusz Kosciuszko.

Kosciuszko Mound "kopiec Kosciuszki" is the most famous mound in Kraków, Poland, raised in 1820-1823. it was erected by Cracovians in memory of the great Polish National hero Tadeusz Kosciuszko.
Image credit Steven Hosler

Kosciuszko Mound "kopiec Kosciuszki" is the most famous mound in Kraków, Poland, raised in 1820-1823. it was erected by Cracovians in memory of the great Polish National hero Tadeusz Kosciuszko.
Image credit sollyth Bighugelabs

Kosciuszko Mound "kopiec Kosciuszki" is the most famous mound in Kraków, Poland, raised in 1820-1823. it was erected by Cracovians in memory of the great Polish National hero Tadeusz Kosciuszko.

Kosciuszko Mound "kopiec Kosciuszki" is the most famous mound in Kraków, Poland, raised in 1820-1823. it was erected by Cracovians in memory of the great Polish National hero Tadeusz Kosciuszko.

Kosciuszko Mound "kopiec Kosciuszki" is the most famous mound in Kraków, Poland, raised in 1820-1823. it was erected by Cracovians in memory of the great Polish National hero Tadeusz Kosciuszko.
Image credit Steven Hosler

Atop the Kosciuszko Mound
Atop the Kosciuszko Mound. Image credit pjb84

Source — Wikipedia

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