Friday, 15 August 2014

Gornergrat | The Second Highest Railway in Europe

Gornergrat is a railway station located to the west of the Gornergrat summit, in the Swiss canton of Valais and at a height of 3,089 meters or 10,135 ft above sea level, which makes the Gornergrat  bahn railway the second highest railway in Europe after the Jungfrau, and the highest open-air railway of the continent. The line opened in 1898, and was the first electric rack railway to be built in Switzerland. The Gornergrat is a starting point for many hikes, as it lies surrounded by 29 peaks rising above 4,000 meter or 13,123 ft in the Alps and several glaciers, including the Gorner Glacier, which is billed as the second longest glacier in the Alps. At the end of the line on Gornergrat, the Matterhorn is visible on a clear day. It is also a popular skiing area. Work on the railway started in 1896, five years after the Visp-Zermatt-Bahn had linked Zermatt to Visp and the Rhone Valley. The line opened on August 20, 1898, and was electrified from the start. Initially it only operated in summer, but year-round operation was extended to the lower section of the line in 1929, and to the summit in 1941.

Gornergrat is a railway station located to the west of the Gornergrat summit, in the Swiss canton of Valais and at a height of 3,089 meters or 10,135 ft above sea level, which makes the Gornergrat railway the second highest railway in Europe after the Jungfrau, and the highest open-air railway of the continent. The line opened in 1898, and was the first electric rack railway to be built in Switzerland.
The line is 9,339 meter or 30,640 ft in length, including 3,790 meter or 12,434 ft of double track, and traverses an altitude difference of 1,469 meter or 4,820 ft. It is built to meter gauge (3 ft 3 3/8 in) and uses the Abt rack system throughout. It is one of four lines in the world using three-phase electric power, requiring two overhead conductors, with the track forming the third conductor. [First Image credit trent roche]

Gornergrat is a railway station located to the west of the Gornergrat summit, in the Swiss canton of Valais and at a height of 3,089 meters or 10,135 ft above sea level, which makes the Gornergrat railway the second highest railway in Europe after the Jungfrau, and the highest open-air railway of the continent. The line opened in 1898, and was the first electric rack railway to be built in Switzerland.
Image credit trent roche

Gornergrat is a railway station located to the west of the Gornergrat summit, in the Swiss canton of Valais and at a height of 3,089 meters or 10,135 ft above sea level, which makes the Gornergrat railway the second highest railway in Europe after the Jungfrau, and the highest open-air railway of the continent. The line opened in 1898, and was the first electric rack railway to be built in Switzerland.
Image credit peters452002

Gornergratbahn Up from Zermatt Findelbach, Gornergratbahn.
Up from Zermatt Findelbach, Gornergratbahn. Image credit Dave Thurlow Photography

Gornergratbahn, Walliser Alpen Gornergrat Umgebung Album Matterhorn Zermatt & Walliseralpene.
Walliser Alpen Gornergrat Umgebung Album Matterhorn Zermatt & Walliseralpene. Image credit arjuna_zbycho

Zermatt Schweiz - Gornergrat Bahn - The Matterhorn railway.
Zermatt Schweiz - Gornergrat Bahn - The Matterhorn railway. Image credit arjuna_zbycho

Riding the Gornergratbahn, the highest open-air railway in Europe, Zermatt, January 2014.
Riding the Gornergratbahn, the highest open-air railway in Europe, Zermatt, January 2014. Image credit Chris Wronski

Gornergratbahn, The Matterhorn railway.
Gornergratbahn, The Matterhorn railway. Image credit Gerd Kohlmus

Gornergratbahn rack railway.
Gornergratbahn rack railway. Image credit Andrew Wells

Gornergrat is a railway station located to the west of the Gornergrat summit, in the Swiss canton of Valais and at a height of 3,089 meters or 10,135 ft above sea level, which makes the Gornergrat railway the second highest railway in Europe after the Jungfrau, and the highest open-air railway of the continent. The line opened in 1898, and was the first electric rack railway to be built in Switzerland.
Image credit Chris Wronski

Gornergrat, The Matterhorn Railway, Zermatt, Switzerland.
Gornergrat, The Matterhorn Railway, Zermatt, Switzerland. Image credit raw_reflex

Source — Wikpedia

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